Haemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels of the rectum which come out of anus. Veins of haemorrhoids are situated in the lowest area of the rectum and the anus. When bowel movements starts, they swell so that the vein walls become stretched, thin, and irritated
Doctors don’t know the exact cause. Some individuals may be more probably to get them because they have “weak” veins, resulting in hemorrhoids and other varicose veins. That may be something you inherit.
There are other possibilities, too. It’s probably that extreme abdominal pressure makes the veins swell and become likelier to get irritated. The pressure may be caused by:
- Standing or sitting for a long time
- Straining during bowel movements
- Holding your breath during hard work
Haemorrhoids might or might not cause symptoms. Symptoms might include:
- Pain and discomfort around the anus
- Moist, pink pads of skin sticking out from the anus; sometimes they’ll appear purple or blue.
- Bleeding from the anus
Procedure for Prolapse and Haemorrhoids (PPH)
This procedure is a minimally invasive surgery to treat haemorrhoids. In this procedure, a stapler-like device is put into anus to reposition the haemorrhoids and stop their blood supply. When blood supply stops to the haemorrhoids, the haemorrhoids eventually shrivel and die. This procedure moves the haemorrhoid higher in the anus, where there are fewer nerve endings, therefore reducing pain.
Benefits of PPH include:
- Less bleeding and itchiness
- Less pain
- Fewer complications
- Quicker recovery