GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux unwellness (GERD) is a chronic digestive disease. GERD happens when abdomen acid or, often, stomach fluid, flows back into your food pipe known as esophagus. The backwash (reflux) irritates the lining of your esophagus and leads to GERD.

Both acid reflux and heartburn are common digestive conditions that a lot of people experience from time to time. When these signs and symptoms occur a minimum of twice each week or interfere with your everyday life, or when your doctor will see damage to your esophagus, you will be diagnosed with GERD.

Doctors believe that some individuals suffer from GERD because of a condition known as hiatal hernia. In most cases, GERD will be relieved through diet and lifestyle changes; but, some individuals may need medication or surgery.

Symptoms

GERD signs and symptoms include:

  • Sensation of a lump in your throat
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Chest pain
  • Dry cough
  • Hoarseness or sore throat
  • Regurgitation of food or acid reflux
  • Heartburn sometimes spreading to your throat, as well as bitter taste in your mouth

Treatments

Lifestyle changes to treat GERD include:

Don’t move to bed with a full abdomen

  • lose weight
  • Stop smoking
  • Decrease alcohol intake
  • Limit meal size and avoid significant evening meals
  • don’t lie within two to three hours of eating
  • Decrease caffeine intake

Medications

There are a range of heartburn medicines available over the counter to relieve symptoms.

Medications used to treat heartburn are:

Antacids for heartburn

Antacids minimize abdomen acid to help relieve heartburn, bitter stomach, acid indigestion, and upset stomach.

Acid Reducers for heartburn

There are two kinds of medication that work to cut back acid production in the stomach: histamine antagonists (H2 antagonists or H2 blockers) and proton pump inhibitors (ppis).

Surgery

The main surgery performed for persistent heartburn is termed fundoplication.

The operating surgeon initial cuts into the abdomen. Operating surgeon can either create one large incision for open surgery or laparoscopic surgery by creating some small incisions in stomach.

In laparoscopic fundoplication, the operating surgeon operates using tools inserted into the abdomen. This tightens the lower esophagus. That helps prevent acid from moving from the abdomen into the esophagus and causing acid reflux.

Laparoscopic surgery needs a shorter recovery time with less pain than open surgery. And it leaves no large scar.