Any fluid-filled lesion is called a cyst. When these cysts are located in the liver they are called hepatic
cysts. On numerous occasions, these do not produce symptoms and are diagnosed after performing a liver scan using an ultrasound or CT scan. Many people often have small cysts that do not need treatment or follow-up by a medical professional. On other occasions, the cysts may be multiple and larger, with parasitic, hereditary or other origins, which may need more intensive follow-up. This type of patient will need other diagnostic tests and eventually a medical-surgical liver cysts treatment in Delhi.
Types of liver cysts
- Simple cyst: most frequent and totally benign type of cyst composed of clear fluid that does not communicate with intrahepatic bile ducts.
- Polycystic liver disease: a disease characterized by the development of multiple cysts in the liver. It is usually related to the presence of several cysts in the kidney.
- Hydatid cyst: The parasite called Echinococcus granulosus, which can be spread through infected dogs, is the cause of this type of cyst.
- Tumors: Sometimes the tumors take on the appearance of liver cysts, they develop in the intrahepatic bile ducts.
- Biliary cysts: these consist of dilations of the intrahepatic biliary branches that give rise to the appearance of a cyst.
The prognosis is favorable in most cases when a liver cyst is diagnosed even if they cause pain or increase in size.
Symptoms of the liver cyst
In most cases, hepatic cysts do not show symptoms but occur unpredictably. Smaller cysts may not be diagnosed until they increase in size and the patient experiences pain and other discomforts. In cases where the patient feels a sudden and sharp pain, in the upper part of the stomach means that the liver cyst is bleeding. Hepatic cysts tend to develop anywhere in the liver but to form more frequently in the right lobe of the liver.
By means of a physical examination from the outside of the stomach, the growth of a certain cyst can be diagnosed. Medical tests for the liver cyst before the onset of pain or enlargement of the abdomen the specialist will perform a physical examination to diagnose the pathology. It is necessary to note that there are certain diseases that may be associated with liver cysts:
- Polycystic liver diseases.
- Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ERPAD).
- Von Hippel Lindau disease.
- Ultrasound, computed tomography, and images by MRI can make a differential analysis.
Through the images, hepatic cysts can be identified as round or oval structures with defined margins. At the same time, a homogeneous hypo-coughing can be observed, among other characteristics.
Finally, the specialist must also perform a blood test to rule out the option of the presence of parasites.
What are the causes of the liver cyst?
The appearance of hepatic cysts is related to bile duct malformations, but their exact origin is unknown. Over the years some people develop liver cysts, while others suffer from birth. Being asymptomatic. These cysts are not diagnosed until the patient suffers pain and their specialist performs the appropriate tests indicated above. Renal insufficiency or a malfunction of the spleen of the gallbladder may be other causes of the appearance of a liver cyst. Because the accumulation of toxins can cause alterations in liver function. The formation of these cysts is created from an increase in differentiated liver cells, which grow and are distributed in a disorganized manner.
Can it be prevented?
Most liver cysts originate through the genetic inheritance of each person. However, the greatest risk occurs in the bacterium called Echinococcus granulosus, which can cause liver cysts to appear. However, there are several preventive measures specified below.
- The dogs (dogs, wolves, jackals, coyotes…) are the main carriers of Echinococcus granulosus, therefore it is important that those dogs that have not received the necessary vaccines or a deworming process are not petted or kissed.
- It is very important that domestic dogs receive each and every vaccine.
- Wash fruit and vegetables properly before eating.
- Maintain proper hand hygiene by washing frequently and always drink bottled water.
Liver Cysts Treatment in Delhi
In many cases, liver cysts do not need treatment. The laparoscopic surgeon in Delhi can perform an ultrasound to visually control the larger cysts (larger than 4 cm). If the cyst does not grow after 2 or 3 years, it will not be necessary to continue monitoring the cyst. On the one hand, surgery will be necessary for those situations in which the cyst is large and causes pain to the patient. There are different surgical options, and among them, the cyst wasting, by surgery or laparoscopy. On the other hand, puncture cyst drainage is not a recommended option, since the cyst can reproduce.